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資料來源:移民還有分移入和移出!?你知道 emigration, immigration, migration 怎麼用才對嗎?

emigration   是移出移民
immigration 是移入移民
migration 是移民 (同時表示包括移出和移入居民)

比如移民到美國:
對台灣人來說是 emigration (emigrant)
對美國人來說是 immigration (immigrant)。
對台灣人和美國人,都是 migration (migrant)。

1. Emigration and immigration are both forms of migration.

移出移民和移入移民都是移民形式的一種。

2. If you move out of a country, you have emigrated, and you are an emigrant.

 如果你搬離一個國家,代表你移出,那你就是個移出者。

3. If you move into a country, you have immigrated, and you are now an immigrant.

 如果你搬進一個國家,代表你移入,那你就是個移入者。

4. Either way, or even if you move within the same country, you have migrated, and you are a migrant.

 其他類型,也就是你從一個國家其中一個區域搬到另一個區域,你也是移民者。

5. Also, animals and people can all migrate, but only people can immigrate and emigrate.

同樣的,動物和人類都能稱作移民者或遷徙者,但只有人類能移出和移入哦!

 HOW TO REMEMBER
You may be familiar with the prefix ex- meaning “out” from words like exodus. If you can remember both that and identify the immigration with the word in, then this will help you to remember that emigration is from the point of view of coming out, while immigration is from the point of view of coming in.

Photo Sources: Anna, CC Licensed

文章轉載自:Eric’s English Lounge

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原文:Language Arts
Immigration vs Emigration

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資料來源:移動專欄--移民的英文怎麼說?Foreigner/ Immigrant/ Emigrant/ Migrant...?!

Migrant:移居、遷徙、指移動居所的狀態。通常會用在「找工作」為目的的移居,不論特定或不特定地點的移居、也不論是國內或國外的移動,一概可用migrant/migration來稱。候鳥或動物的遷徙也會用migrate這個詞,有按時往返兩地的意義。

例如,從泰國、菲律賓來到台灣或新加坡(不同國家)做家務工作的移工,可以稱為migrant workers、中國大陸從內地到沿岸城市打(同一個國家)工的「流動人口/農民工」,同樣也稱作migrant workers。值得注意的是,流動人口在英文還有另外一種用法,就是seasonal migrants或是recurrent migrants.

Seasonal Migrant Workers/ Recurrent Workers(季節性工人/臨時工),是指這些工人像是候鳥一樣,在特定的時刻會遷移到有工作的地方,忙碌的季節過後,再回到原本的家鄉。

而對台灣來說,一提到migrant workers,最容易想到的是多由東南亞婦女擔任的家務工人(domestic worker)。


參考資料:
https://tw.blog.voicetube.com/archives/9889/amp

https://zh.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A4%96%E4%BE%86%E7%A7%BB%E6%B0%91

https://www.google.com.tw/amp/s/esenglisheelounge.com/2016/09/07/%25E8%25A9%259E%25E5%25BD%2599%25E5%258D%2580%25E5%2588%25A5-emigration-immigration-migration-%25E7%259A%2584%25E5%258D%2580%25E5%2588%25A5/amp/

http://www.educationbug.org/a/immigration-vs-emigration.html

https://tw.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070903000015KK04747

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